Types of Insurance Essentials in The US


What is Insurance? Risk is the uncertainty about a situation’s outcome- may be an unpredictable event that leads to loss or damage.

Insurance is an arrangement between an individual (consumer) and an insurer (insurance company) to protect the individual against the risk

3 Why is it important to have insurance?
Helps limit financial losses when an accident occursHelps an individual/family be prepared for the unexpected. Plays a large role in most financial management plans

4 What is an Insurance Policy?
A policy is a contract between the individual and the insurer specifying the terms of the insurance arrangements. A deductible is an amount paid out of pocket by the policyholder for the initial portion of a loss before the insurance coverage begins- the deductible is stated in the policy.

A premium is a fee paid to the insurer to be covered under specified terms outlined in the policy. A policyholder is a consumer who purchases the policy

5 Types of Insurance

Automobile Health Life

6 Automobile InsuranceAutomobile Insurance – an arrangement between an individual (consumer) and insurer (insurance company) to protect the individual against risk from automobile accidents.

Uninsured or underinsured motorists insurance.

Medical payment insurance.

Physical damage insurance.

Liability insurance.


7 Types of Auto Insurance
Liability Insurance covers the insured if injuries or damages are caused to other people or their propertyMedical Payment Insurance covers injuries sustained by the driver of the insured vehicle or any passenger regardless of fault, It also covers family members injured as passengers in any car, pedestrians, or bicyclists. It is the minimum amount of insurance required by law for automobiles

8 Types of Auto Insurance
Uninsured or Underinsured Motorists Insurance covers injury or damage to the driver, passengers, or the vehicle caused by a driver with insufficient insurance. Physical Damage Insurance covers damages caused to the vehicle.

Collision – covers a collision with another object, car, or from a rolloverComprehensive – covers all physical damage losses except collision and other specified lossesWhy would an individual want automobile insurance coverage beyond liability (the minimum required by law)?

9 Why would it be important to have health insurance?
*07/16/96Health InsuranceHealth insurance provides protection against financial losses resulting from injury, illness, and disability

May cover hospital, surgical, dental, vision, long-term care, prescription, or other major expenditures. Specific coverage depends upon the individual policy.

Health care costs are extremely high. Large medical expenses could deplete an individual’s savings

Why would it be important to have health insurance? Updated statistic and source*

10 Health Insurance. May be purchased by the individual or through their employer. Individuals often seek coverage for dependents (spouses and children)Many health insurance policies offer dependent coverage but there is no requirement to do so dependent coverage is offered, children may stay on their parent’s health care plan until age 26 with no stipulationsFederal government website to learn about health insurance and compare policies:

11 Life Insurance.

Life insurance is a contract between an insurer and policyholder specifying a sum to be paid to a beneficiary upon the insured’s death. A beneficiary is the recipient of any policy proceeds if the insured person dies. Provides money for family members or dependents when a wage earner dies. A dependent is a person who relies on someone else financially

12 What Covers This Risk? While driving, you hit and injure a pedestrian in a crosswalkAutomobile!

13 What Covers This Risk? After losing her husband to a heart attack, a wife is left alone to care for 2 children. Life!

14 What Covers This Risk? You need a cast after breaking an ankle while roller-blading. Health!

15 Disability InsuranceDisability Insurance replaces a portion of one’s income if one become unable to work due to illness or injury. Insurance typically pays between 60-70% of one’s full-time wage. Factors such as the length or severity of a disability influence the percentage of income a person will receive

16 Homeowner’s Insurance
Homeowner’s Insurance -combines property and liability insurance into one policy to protect a home from damage costs due to perils. Peril -an event that may cause a financial loss like a fire, falling trees, lightning, and others.Property Insurance -protects the insured from financial losses due to destruction or damage to property or possessions. Liability Insurance- protects the insured party from being held liable for other’s financial losses

17 Renter’s InsuranceRenter’s Insurance protects the insured from loss of the contents of the dwelling rather than the dwelling itself. lf Necessary because a landlord’s insurance policy on the dwelling does not cover the renter’s personal possessions. Covers major perils provide liability protection and provide for additional living expenses if the dwelling is rendered uninhabitable

18 What Covers This Risk? Your rented apartment is broken into and your computer is stolen. Renters!

19 What Covers This Risk? You are injured in an automobile accident and are unable to work for 2 months. Disability!

20 What Covers This Risk? Your garage was destroyed by a fire which started by a lightning bolt hitting your home Homeowners!

21 Summary What is insurance? What is the purpose of insurance?
An arrangement between an individual (consumer) and an insurer (insurance company) to protect the individual against risk. The purpose of insurance is to help individuals limit their financial losses when an accident occurs

22 Summary What is a premium and a deductible?
What are the different types of insurance? A premium is a fee paid to the insurer to be covered under the specified terms. A deductible is an amount paid out of pocket by the policyholder for the initial portion of a loss before the insurance coverage beginsAutomobileLifeHomeowner’s/Renter’sHealthDisability

23 What Covers This Risk?Sick at home from food poisoning after eating a carnival corndogNothing!

24 What Covers This Risk? While driving, you have brake failure. You hit a telephone pole and cause damage to the front of the car. Automobile!

25 What Covers This Risk? While driving to the mall, you are pulled over and receive a speeding ticket. Nothing!

26 What Covers This Risk? A daughter, who is financially responsible for her mother’s nursing home bills, dies from an undetected heart defect. Life!

27 What Covers This Risk? A doctor diagnoses a child with tonsillitis during a visit to clinic health!


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